QUICK FACTS ABOUT BULGARIA
History can be both an interesting subject and a boring discipline. This time you don’t have to open a huge textbook and cram for an exam. All you need is to find a comfortable chair and set aside a couple of minutes to immerse in this short reading.
1. The territory of Bulgaria is from time to time likened to the lion’s appearance. (Just use your vivid imagination!)
2. Sofia is the capital city, Plovdiv is the second largest city followed by Varna and Burgas.
3. Musala is the highest peak not only in the country, but also in the entire Balkan Peninsula. It is 2,925m (9,596ft) in height and is situated in the Rila Mountain in southwestern Bulgaria. Its name literally means ‘Near God’.
4. Rayskoto praskalo is the highest waterfall in Bulgaria and in the Balkan Peninsula. It is an ideal route for those who are into hiking and adore the mountainous area.
5. You should try the Bulgarian cuisine at all costs. Most of the visitors seem to love it and very soon start looking for recipes and put great efforts into learning how to prepare some traditional dishes.
Banitsa appears to be the most popular dish.
It can be served for breakfast, for lunch and even for dinner. It is made of pastry, eggs and can be filled with a variety of ingredients – cheese, minced meat, spinach, etc. According to custom on New Year’s Eve lucky charms (usually small pieces of paper with wishes written on them) are put into the banitsa and everyone receives one with their serving.
6. Food is always accompanied by beverage. Bulgarians are well-known for their rakia. It is an alcoholic drink prepared on the Balkans. From some people’s point of view it is similar to the Japanese sake.
7. The Festival of Roses is held annually during the first weekend in June in Kazanlak and attracts the attention of thousands of tourists.
The Rose is the symbol of Bulgaria. The Rose Valley includes the cities of Karlovo and Kazanlak and is approximately 3,300 km2.
8. Traditional Bulgarian dances are horo and ratchenitsa.
A traditional horo
Dancers are dressed in Bulgarian national costumes
In case you are interested in knowing more about the ratchenitsa you can see this short video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fLEleWpHilI
9. Melnik is the smallest town in Bulgaria. There is a revival of the vine-growing and wine production.
10. The architectural – ethnographic complex ‘Etar’ is an open-air museum conveniently located near Gabrovo. There are presented most of the Bulgarian craftsmanship together with the architecture, customs and traditions of the Bulgarians during the period of the National Revival.